Antibiotics are specifically crafted in order to eliminate possible threats to the human body, so it comes as a surprise the MRSA evolves with the use of antibiotics to create a superbug that damages the body even more.
The methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus, MRSA for short, is one of the subspecies of the staphylococcus, bug that almost 35% of people carry in their nose without being infected. This MRSA causes around 11.000 deaths in the USA alone every year and its usual prescription is through the antibiotic named beta lactam.
The way MRSA works is by making the tissue around itself more and more sensible until it creates lacerations, leading to the death of the infected. But this only happens if an inflammation has occurred inside the affected organism.
The process through which an antibiotic acts against a virus differs from one type to another. Some completely engulf the virus in order to create a zone of inhibition around it, some attack the virus from the inside destroying it completely. The beta lactam antibiotic works by attacking the cell wall of the MRSA until it can no longer function.
Unfortunately, studies applied to rats infected with MRSA have shown some disturbing results. After an inflammation has occurred in the rats, beta lactam was administered and it only worsened the disease, making the body trigger larger and more violent inflammations as a response to the damaged cell wall.
But tests on mice do not completely prove the effects on the human body, so scientists are required to conduct more and more tests in order to see how the virus and antibody react with themselves with a smaller margin for error.
Viruses have been evolving around us since the dawn of time, developing resistances to certain antibodies while at the same time becoming more and more aggressive. One of the biggest problems that the MRSA poses is its ease of transmission through direct contact of the affected tissue, making crowded places, military barracks and schools ripe places for the MRSA to flourish.
Even though the beta lactam antibiotic is at the moment facing scrutiny from several doctors it is still one of the only ways to combat the MRSA, this is why further inquiries on the subject of virus evolution and the applicability of certain antibiotics is of high importance.
This virus has more than 80.000 invasive infections every year and with the news that the MRSA evolves with the use of antibiotics in order to create a superbug, it makes this pathogen the biggest and most widespread antibiotic-resistant virus in the US.