Diabetes is a common affection among Americans, and it presupposes a large quantity of sugar in the blood, caused by a dysfunction of the pancreas (not producing insulin). There are several forms of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes (occurs with pregnant women).
Type 1 diabetes is a disease which occurs mostly with kids and young people, who get insulin shots to keep sugar balance in their blood. The bad news is that, although the disease can be controlled, patients can never really get it out of their system.
Medication is expensive, even more, if insulin must always be present in the life of patients. It is any parents’ nightmare that their child should be diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes, but, as an assurance for them, the disease is not contagious (so other kids or members of the family won’t be affected). However, the disease does change your child’s life: there are restrictions on sweets and a strict allimentation diet, medicine must be taken at their stated hours, analyses and visits to the doctor are also mandatory. No parent in the world wishes that to their child, and there’s no child who likes hospital halls.
Eurek Alert published some statistics, as well as the risks to which people who suffer from Type 1 diabetes are exposed:
“More than 29 million Americans have diabetes, but only a fraction of them have Type 1 diabetes. Out of every 1,000 American adults, between one and five adults has Type 1 diabetes, according to the Endocrine Society’s Endocrine Facts and Figures Report. People who have Type 1 diabetes can experience serious health problems such as heart attacks and strokes, kidney problems and vision problems.”
Scientists Paresh Dandona (University at Buffalo) comes up with a new suggestion for treating this ailment. The cure consists of a mix of three drugs: insulin, liraglutide, dapagliflozin. Their research is based on the results obtained from tests carried out on thirty patients. Twenty of them showed improvements in the evolution of their disease, namely control over the glucose level, as well as losing weight. The other ten patients were given only two of the drugs, the third being a placebo drug; consequently, they didn’t show any improvement.
Researcher Dandona explained to Buffalo News the importance of liraglutide:
“Since liraglutide produces improvements most impressively in patients with higher body mass index and higher hemoglobin A1C, it is clear that we need other agents that act independently of insulin since Type 1 diabetics have no beta cells that produce insulin.”
Image source: Wikipedia