The natural world is in a severe decline, and human activity brought it to this stage. Although scientists are constantly concerned about all emerging environmental issues, they are still surprised by the new findings. According to the most recent statistics, 10% of the world’s wilderness has been destroyed by human activity in about twenty-five years.
The most significant loss has been reported in the Amazon’s forest in South America. The region lost about thirty percent of its wild land. Vast areas in Africa have also been damaged, as well as smaller parts in Asia, Australia, and North America. If put together, all of these make up approximately ten percent of the natural environment in the world, which is an alarming number. Specialists estimate that this wide area is about twice the size of Alaska.
Losing significant parts of the natural environment leads to damaging consequences for wild species. They face the threat of losing more and more of their natural habitat, which will eventually cause them to become extinct. The world’s ecosystems will be severely affected. Environmentalists are aware that this is a severe issue they have to deal with as soon as possible and as effective as possible. They also believe that their previous conservation efforts of helping wild animals and saving their habitat were not enough.
There are not only animals that have to be taken into consideration. There are also savage tribes who live in the wilderness and depend on the balance of nature.
Fires which burst in the wild were one of the main factors which led to the unfortunate outcome we face today. Humans activities involving gas emissions, extending agriculture, and oil extraction are also factors which resulted in significant loss of the natural areas.
Scientists urge authorities to help them with implementing conservation strategies. One of the proper solutions to the problem is that there should be more areas protected by law. According to the study, there are 30.1 million km2 of wilderness left around the world. Scientists claim that the Earth shouldn’t go through a similar loss ever again. This is why proper strategies should be set, in order to protect the existing land.
Specialists estimate that these strategies being applied within the next century are instrumental. They also warn that important changes need to be done because we face the risk of loosing the Earth’s wilderness forever.
The new study was published in Current Biology.
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