NASA want to transform Mars into the news Earth, as the agency has funded a US company to produce oxygen on the Red Planet.
Mars is the first planet from our Solar System that humans are planning to inhabit and transform into a colony. The first thing that the human body needs for living, is oxygen.Since Mars doesn’t have breathable air, experts have found a way to change that.
Astronauts will not carry huge thanks of oxygen an leave them there, but researchers have though about a way that would allow them to produce oxygen directly on the Red Planet by using algae and bacteria.
Tech shot Inc., a company from the United States, sponsored by NASA, has created a special room that imitates the inhospitable environmental conditions from Mars.
The Mars Room, imitates the atmospheric pressure, the changes of temperature between day and night and the radiations coming form the sun on Mars’s surface.
In this room, researchers lead by Eugene Boland, are studying and testing a system that uses organisms like algae and bacteria to produce oxygen.Basically these organisms should work like an oxygen factory.
This could potentially help the humans mission of reaching Mars without the need of sending large canisters of oxygen. It appears that sending microbes is an option that could prepare the place for the human arrival, explained Boland.
Using soil samples from Mars would help scientists to test how possible would be, to use certain organism to produce oxygen and if they could possibly subtract nitrogen from Mars’s soil.
Mars has an atmosphere that is formed mainly out of carbon dioxide (96%) while the oxygen quantity is under 0.2% compared to Earth which has an oxygen level of 21%. If a person would try and breathe the air present on Mars they would instantly suffocate.
If the Red Planet was to be colonised by humans, researchers would have to think seriously about every single detail that would allow their survival. Mars is situated at 225.3 million kilometres away from Earth, meaning that everyone who will live there will be completely isolated. If they should need new supplies, a team from Earth will arrive there in up to 500 days, more precisely 1.37 years.
NASA’s Curiosity Rover, a robot who has been sent to Mars to explore the conditions on the planet, has recently found proof that of organic molecules, meaning that there might be some type of microbial life on Mars.
Researchers believe that during its beginnings Mars had an entirely different aspect and it contained a water ocean.
Image Source: Planetoid