The North Pole and the Arctic regions have always been a symbol of ice lands, ruled by snow and freezing. Climate change and global warming threaten the icy landscapes, as researchers predict that the ice will disappear sooner than we might have thought.
July 2016 has been declared the hottest month in history, and specialists have been observing that raising temperatures are a fact for the past ten years. This may mean that we shouldn’t regard the phenomenon as an extraordinary one, but, on the contrary, as a normal one, since every year seems to indicate the same thing. The most likely thing to happen is that the years to come will bring similar Celsius degrees in our thermometers.
The U.S., as well as other parts of the world, have experienced the hottest year on record, according to statistics. There have been reported drought and wildfires. The situation in Arctic regions is even worse, as the floating ice is melting.
Walt Meier, a specialist from NASA, talks about the process:
“It’s melting earlier. The ice is thinner, so it gets pushed around by the wind more. It’s more broken up. It used to be more of a big sheet of ice, and now [we’re seeing] chunks of ice.”
Scientists explain that melting ice can only lead to more melting ice, as the sun rays find nothing in their way, so they heat the waters even more. NASA is trying to measure the thickness of the ice with the help of a satellite.
The melting of the ice in Arctic regions affects the transfer of cold and warm water from North to the South. The malfunction of this transfer has implications on the weather too. 2012 was an extremely hot year as well, which caused damages to the ice around the North Pole, and in 2016 the situation is equally bad.
Although earlier predictions said the ice in Arctic regions would melt by the end of the century or in 80 years, the new possibility that scientists anticipate is that the Arctic will lose its ice in just a few decades.
Scientists limit themselves to observing the situation. Their predictions bring the deadline each time closer and closer to us, to our time. Perhaps it is too late for a solution.
Image courtesy of: Wikipedia