A new study proves that sugar pills help children get over their migraines. The trails showed that these substances turned out to be more efficient than other drugs used for the same purpose. However, those medicines seem to work just well on adult patients.
The researchers in charge of the trial decided to stop it earlier than initially thought. They concluded that the placebo sugar pills seemed to be more efficient in treating children’s migraines than proper drugs. The tested medicines were topiramate and the antidepressant amitriptyline, which still work on adults.
The new study was based on results obtained from more than three hundred participants across the United States. They were all aged from eight to seventeen and had either mild or severe forms of migraines. According to health experts, migraines are considered to be severe when the patients experience headaches and related symptoms for more than fifteen days in a month.
The researchers decided that the participants should be administered either placebo drugs or proper ones. The specialists were surprised to discover that there were no significant differences between the two groups. Both types of drugs had the same effect, namely reducing the number of days in which the children were ill to half.
Migraines are common in children and teenagers, as the specialist’s state. Apart from the splitting headaches, the young patients also experience nausea and vomiting. The symptoms prevent kids from attending school and being engaged in regular social activities.
The aim of the researchers was to discover which drug worked better in eradicating the symptoms and allowing children to go back to their routine. However, it seems that they only found out that the sugar pills can actually be more effective than proper medication. Sixty-one percent of the group that was administered placebo drugs showed signs of improvement, while the other medicine only worked with about fifty percent of the group.
On the other hand, the authors of the study also noted that there were side effects from the drugs. Fatigue and dry mouth were identified on some of the children. What’s more, suicidal tendencies were also reported with several young patients. One of them tried to kill himself, while another wrote suicide notes at school.
The new study accounting for the effects of the sugar pills was published in The New England Journal of Medicine. The research project was conducted by specialist Scott Powers.
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