After just being started up again, the Large Hadron Collider has already managed to break a new record and to find a new super-heavy particle, which was called Bs particle.
Everyone`s favorite atom collider is back to work, after over two years of reparations and upgrading. As you may recall, the Large Hadron Collider built by the European Organization for Nuclear Research aka CERN was shut down in February 2014 to be upgraded for more luminosity and higher energy power.
Scientists used the $150 million they received for this upgrade wisely and got the collider ready and able to blast protons at a record speech of 13 tera-electronvolts. The highest speed that was previously achieved was of only 6.5 TeV.
Simply put, the Large Hadron Collider is the most powerful particle accelerator ever built and thanks to it, many of the quantum mysteries of the Universe can be recreated in the looping, underground tube of 17 miles.
A great portion of the money spent on upgrading the LHC, went into protecting the magnets and the detectors, which are a sensitive type of gear that can be easily damaged by the outflow of protons.
To make sure that the magnets and detectors have no chance of being damaged, scientists designed an improved collimator shield. The collimator shield is basically a shield of metal that attracts protons that wander off course.
The LHC was awaken from its two year nap just a few days ago and already helped scientists discover a new and rare particle. The phenomenon revealed during the first test run of the LHC, is actually so rare, that it only appears in four out of one billion particles.
After the LHC blasted electrons at a record of 13 TeV, scientists discovered that some of the particles that were smashed had a peculiar type of decay. This newly discovered decay product is called Bs particle and it consists of a quark and an antiquark binding and creating something called a muoy. Bs particle is also quite heavier than other particles discovered.
However, the Higgs boson particle, recreated by the LHC in 2012, remains its greatest achievement. Nicknamed the “God particle”, the Higgs boson came as a confirmation to decades of theories and research. The Higgs boson particle confirms the theory of how a particle receives its mass.
Scientists are overly excited about the increased abilities that the Large Hadron Collider has and they are looking forward to discovering even heavier particles or perhaps, to find a key to other dimensions.
Image Source: nytimes