The World Wildlife Fund has recently published a new report which shows the alarming situation of wild species. Thousands of them are on the verge of extinction because of the loss of habitat, global warming, and human activities. The specialists in charge of the report warn that two-thirds of the animal species known today will be severely affected by 2020.
The new statistics were revealed by the Living Planet Report, on October 25. The results are based on previous reports, accounting for the situation of the wildlife between 1970 and 2012. The findings show that more than half of the species are exposed to the risk. If put into statistics, fifty-eight percent of the wild species are already experiencing severe declines in their population numbers.
The specialists at World Wildlife Fund warn that the current situation must be curbed. If urgent action is not taken, over two-thirds of the wild species will go extinct sooner than anyone might have expected. They estimate that the next four years are crucial for the faith of the wild animals. Although humans got them in this situation in the first place, it is still them the ones that have to solve the problem.
The researchers are warning about the low numbers of individuals in the wildlife populations. Their number will continue to drop, and it won’t be long until species entirely disappear. However, the 2020 deadline is concerned with the alarmingly low numbers of the population, and not with the extinction of species.
The report accounts for the desperate situation of almost four thousand wildlife species. Specialists blame it on factors related to human activities. There are five main elements which triggered this catastrophe, namely global warming, habitat loss, exploitation, pollution and invasive species which disturb the balance of natural ecosystems.
Both marine and land species are affected by the decline in population numbers. The African elephants, whales, polar bears, and the corals at the Great Barrier Reef are just a few examples. Specialists state that aquatic species which live in freshwater experience the most severe drops. The statistics show that they lost approximately eighty percent of their population members.
Deforestation, poaching, and overfishing take their toll on the planet and humans’ life quality, no doubt about it. Millennia of evolution showed us that the planet could heal itself and survive all sorts of calamities. However, specialists can’t help to wonder what the effects will be, as well as what will happen to wildlife and human life.
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